CAPTAIN GEORGE DOWNIE
British naval officer, born in Ross, Ireland; died near Plattsburgh, New York,
11 September 1814. He was the son of a clergyman, and entered the navy at an early age.
He was engaged in the battle of Camperdown, served in the West Indies, and in 1812 was
placed in command of the British fleet on the lakes of Canada. He commanded the squadron
in the battle of Plattsburgh, and was killed while gallantly fighting the American fleet under
Commodore Thomas Macdonough.
was a British Royal Navy officer during the War of 1812. He commanded the
British squadron which attacked the American fleet anchored at Plattsburgh Bay
in Lake Champlain during the Battle of Plattsburgh on September 11th, 1814.
Downie was leading into battle inexperienced crews, many of them from provincial
units and not from the cream of the Royal Navy, against American forces which
had both time to prepare and were readily familiar with that area of the Lake.
Early in the ensuing battle, Commodore Downie was crushed by a cannon aboard his
HMS Confiance and killed instantly; the gun having been struck on it's
muzzle by a cannonball from the U.S. flagship Saratoga which had sent the piece
reeling backwards onto him. One eyewitness later recorded how Downie appeared
when the gun, which weighed several tons, was removed:
" His skin was not broken, a black mark about the size of a small plate was the only visible injury. His watch was found flattened, with its hands pointing to the very second at which he received the fatal blow."
The loss of Downie, who was arguably the most experienced Officer in the British fleet, greatly increasing the odds of the American forces winning the engagement that day.
A 24 pound cannon from the captured Confiance, the same gun responsible for the death of Commodore Downie, can be found today on display in front of Macdonough Hall at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis Maryland. The deep indentation on the muzzle of this gun left by the ball from the USS Saratoga is still present.
Model of Confiance Ship